"These talented black American people of African descent mentioned below, are just a few African-Americans who have broken the binds of racism and the barriers of race to contribute to the growth and expansion of America. These Blacks display the greatness people can rise to when given opportunity to exhibit creativity, talent and imagination within the marketplace of ideas."         (Jeanette Davis)

 

 

Black Inventors & Their Patents

1.  A.P. Abourne -Refining of coconut oil. July 27, 1980

  • 2.  A. B. Blackburn -Spring seat for chairs. Patent# 380,420 April 3, 1888

  • 3.  A.C. Richardson -Casket-Lowering Device. Patent# 529,311 November 13, 1894

  • 4.  A.C. Richardson -Churn. Patent # 466,470 February 17, 1891

  • 5.  A.E. Long and A.A. Jones-- Caps For Bottles And Jars 1898

  • 6.  A.L. Lewis -Window Cleaner 1892

  • 7.  A.L. Rickman -Galoshes 1898

  • 8.  Anna M. Mangin- Pastry fork March 1, 1892

  • 9.  Alexander P. Ashbourne- Biscuit Cutter November, 1875

  • 10.  Alexander Miles –Electric Elevator and also safety device for elevators. Patent No. 371,207 October11, 1887

  • 11.  Alfred L. Cralle -Ice Cream Scooper. Patent # 576,395 February 2,1897

  • 12.  Alice Parker -Heating Furnace 1918

  • 13.  Andrew Beard- Automatic Car Coupling Device 1897

  • 14.  Augustus Jackson -Ice cream 1832

  • 15.  B. F. Cargill Invalid- cot. Patent# 629,658 July 25, 1899

  • 16.  B.F. Jackson -Gas Burner

  • 17.  Benjamin Banneker -Clock, Prints for Wash. DC 1st Almanac

  • 18.  Bessie V. Griffin -Portable Receptacle 1951

  • 19.  C.B. Brook- Street Sweeper 1896

  • 20.  C.V. Richey -Fire Escape Bracket. Patent # 596,427 December 28, 1897

  • 21.  C. W. Allen -Self Leveling table. Patent # 613,436 November 1, 1898

  • 22.  D. McCree -Portable Fire Escape. Patent # 440,322 November 11, 1890

  • 23.  Darryl Thomas -Cattle Roping Apparatus

  • 24.  Dr. Charles Drew -Invented Blood Banks And Established Them Around The World 1940

  • 25.  Dr. Daniel Hale Williams- Performed First Open Heart Surgery 1893

  • 26.  Edmond Berger -Spark Plug

  • 27.  Elbert R. Robinson -Electric Railway Trolley

  • 28.  Ellen Elgin- Clothes Wringer 1880s

  • 29.  Elijah Mccoy -Automatic Lubrication System (For Railroad And Heavy Machinery) 1892 July 2, 1872

  • 30.  Folarin Sosan -Package-Park (Solves Package Delivery Dilemma) www.maita.com 1997

  • 31.  Frederick Jones -Ticket Dispensing Machine. Patent # 2163754 June 27, 1939

  • 32.  Frederick Jones -Starter Generator. Patent # 2475842 July 12, 1949

  • 33.  Frederick Jones -Two-Cycle gasoline Engine. Patent # 2523273 November 28, 1950

  • 34.  Frederick Jones- Air Condition. Patent # 2475841 July 12, 1949

  • 35.  Frederick Jones -Portable X-Ray Machine

  • 36.  G.W. Murray -Cultivator and Marker. Patent # 517,961 April 10, 1894

  • 37.  G.W. Murray -Combined Furrow Opener and Stalk-Knocker. Patent # 517,960 April 10, 1894

  • 38.  G.W. Murray- Fertilizer Distributor. Patent# 520,889 June 5, 1894

  • 39.  G.W. Murray -Cotton Chopper. Patent # 520,888 June 5, 1894

  • 40.  G.W. Murray -Planter. Patent # 520,887 June 5, 1894

  • 41.  G. F. Gran-t Golf Tee. Patent # 638,920 December 12, 1899

  • 42.  G.T. Sampson- Clothes Drier 1892

  • 43.  G.W. Kelley- Steam Table 1897

  • 44.  Garrett A. Morgan -Gas Mask (Saved Many Lives During WWI) 1914

  • 45.  Garrett A. Morgan -Automatic Traffic Signal 1923

  • 46.  George Alcorn -Fabrication of spectrometer. Patent # 4,618,380 October 21, 1986

  • 47. George Tolivar- Ship's propeller

  • 48.  George Washington Carver- Peanut Butter 1900

  • 49.  George Washington Carver -300 products from peanuts, 118 products from the sweet potato and 75 from the

  •         pecan. 1900-1943

  • 50.  Gertrude E. Downing- and William Desjardin Corner Cleaner Attachment.

  •         Patent # 3,715,772 February 13, 1973

  • 51.  Granville Woods- Telephone (His Telephone Was Far Superior To Alexander Graham Bell's) Dec. 2,1884

  • 52.  Granville Woods -Trolley Car 1888

  • 53.  Granville Woods- Multiplex Telegraph System (Allowed Messages To Be Sent And Received From Moving Trains) 1887

  • 54.  Granville Woods -Railway Air Brakes (The First Safe Method Of Stopping Trains) 1903

  • 55.  Granville Woods -Steam Boiler/Radiator 1884

  • 56.  Granville Woods-- Third Rail (Subway)

  • 57.  H. Grenon -Razor Stropping Device. Patent # 554,867 February 18, 1896

  • 58.  H.H. Reynolds- Window Ventilator for Railroad Cars.

  •         Patent No.275,271 April 3, 1883

  • 59.  H.A. Jackson -Kitchen Table

  • 60.  Henry Blair- Mechanical Seed Planter 1830

  • 61.  Henry Blair -Mechanical Corn Harvester

  • 62.  Henry Single -Patented an Improved Fish Hook. He sold it later for $625. 1854

  • 63.  Henry Sampson- Cellular Phone July 6th, 1971

  • 64.  I.O. Carter -Nursery Chair 1960

  • 65.  Issac R. Johnson -Bicycle Frame

  • 66.  J. A. Joyce -Ore Bucket. Patent # 603,143 April 26, 1898

  • 67.  J. Hawkins- Patented the Gridiron March 3, 1845

  • 68.  J. Gregory -Motor

  • 69.  J.A. Sweeting -Cigarette Roller 1897

  • 70.  J.B. Winters- Fire Escape Ladder

  • 71.  J. H. Hunter- Portable Weighing Scales. Patent # 570,533 November 3, 1896

  • 72.  J.F. Pickering- Air Ship 1892

  • 73.  J. H. Robinson -Lifesaving guards for Street Cars. Patent# 623,929 April 25, 1899

  • 74.  J. Robinson -Dinner Pail. Patent# 356,852 February 1, 1887

  • 75.  J. W. Reed -Dough Kneader and Roller. Patents# 304,552 September 2, 1884

  • 76.  J. Ross -Bailing Press. Patent # 632,539 Sept 05, 1899

  • 77.  J.H. White -Convertible Sette (A Large Sofa) 1892

  • 78.  J.H. White -Lemon Squeezer 1896

  • 79.  J.L. Love -Pencil Sharpener. Patent # 594,114 23 November 1897

  • 80.  J.S. Smith-Lawn Sprinkler. Patent # 581,785 May 4, 1897

  • 81.  James Forten- Sailing Apparatus 1850

  • 82.  James S. Adams -Airplane Propelling

  • 83.  Jan Matzelinger -Automatic Shoe Making Machine 1883

  • 84.  Joan Clark -Medicine Tray 1987

  • 85.  John A. Johnson -Wrench

  • 86.  John Burr- Lawn Mower

  • 87.  John Parker -"Parker Pulverizer" Follower-Screw for Tobacco Presses. Patent# 304,552 September 2, 1884

  • 88.  John Standard -Refrigerator. Patent# 304,552 Jul 14,1894

  • 89.  Joseph Gammel- Supercharge System for Internal Combustion Engine

  • 90.  Joseph N. Jackson- Programmable Remote Control

  • 91. L.C. Bailey- Folding Bed 1899

  • 92. L. Bell- Locomotive smoke stack. Patent# 115,153 May 23, 1871

  • 93.  L. F. Brown -Bridle bit. Patent # 484,994 October 25, 1892

  • 94.  L.S. Burridge And N.R. Marsham -Typewriter 1885

  • 95.  Lewis Howard Latimer -Light Bulb Filament

  • 96.  Lewis Temple -Toggle Harpoon (Revolutionized The Whaling Industry) 1848

  • 97.  Lloyd A. Hall -Chemical compound to preserve meat

  • 98.  Lloyd P. Ray- Dust Pan

  • 99.  Lydia Holmes- Wood Toys. Patent # 2,529,692 November 14, 1950

  • 100.  Lydia O. Newman -Hair brush

  • 101.  M.C. Harney -Lantern/Lamp Aug.19, 1884

  • 102.  Madam. C. Walker- Hair Care Products 1905

  • 103.  Majorie Joyne-r Permanent hair wave machine. Patent # 1693515 November 27, 1928

  • 104.  Madeline M. Turner- The Fruit Press 1916

  • 105.  Marie V. Brittan Brown -Security System. Patent # 3,482,037 December 2, 1969

  • 106.  Manley West- Discovered compound in canibis to cure glaucoma. 1980-1987

  • 107.  Norbett Rillieux- Sugar Refining System 1846

  • 108.  O.B. Clare Rail –Rail Trestle. Patent# 390,753 October 9, 1888

  • 109.  O. E. Brown -Horse Shoe 8/23/1892

  • 110.  Onesimus -Small Pox Inoculation (He Brought This Method From Africa Where Advance Medical Practices Were In

  •           Use Long Before Europeans Had Any Medical Knowledge) 1721

  • 111.  Otis F. Boykin -Wire Type Precision Resistor.Patent # U.S. 2,891,227 June 16, 1959

  • 112.  Paul E Williams -Helicopter

  • 113.  Peter Walker -Machine for Cleaning Seed Cotton

  • 114.  Phillip Downing -Letter Drop Mailbox. Patent # 462,096 October 27, 1891

  • 115.  Philip Emeagwali -Accurate Weather Forecasting 1990

  • 116.  Philip Emeagwali -Hyperball Computer April 1996

  • 117.  Philip Emeagwali -Improved Petroleum Recovery 1990

  • 118.  Philip Emeagwali -World's Fastest Computer 1989

  • 119.  R.A. Butler- Train alarm. Patent #157,370 June 15, 1897

  • 120.  R.P. Scott- Corn Silker 1894

  • 121.  Richard Spikes -Automatic Gear Shift

  • 122.  Robert Flemming Jr.- Guitar March 3, 1886

  • 123.  S. H. Love- Improvement to military guns. Patent # 1301143. 22 April 1919

  • 124.  S. H. Love -Improve Vending Machine. Patent # 1936515 November 21, 1933

  • 125.  Sara E. Goode -Cabinet Bed 1885

  • 126.  Rufus Stokes -Patent #3,378,241 Exhaust Purifier April 16, 1968

  • 127.  Sarah Boone- Ironing Board April 26, 1892

  • 128.  T. Elkins- Toilet 1897

  • 129.  T. J. Byrd- Rail car coupling . Patent# 157,370 December 1, 1874

  • 130.  Thomas Carrington -Range Oven 1876

  • 131.  Thomas J.Martin -Patented the Fire Extinguisher March 26, 1872

  • 132.  Thomas W. Stewart -Mop 1893

  • 133.  Virgie M. Ammons -Fireplace Damper Actuating Tool. Patent # 3,908,633 September 30, 1975

  • 134.  W. A. Lovette -The Advance Printing Press

  • 135.  W. F. Burr- Railway Switching device . Patent # 636,197 Oct.31,1899

  • 136.  W. H. Ballow -Combined hatrack and table. Patent # 601,422 March 29, 1898

  • 137.  W.S. Campbell -Self-setting animal trap. Patent# 246,369 August 30, 1881

  • 138.  W. Johnson- Egg Beater 1884

  • 139.  W.B. Purvis- The Fountain Pen Patent# 419,065 Jan 7,1890

  • 140.  W.D. Davis- Riding Saddles October 6, 1895

  • 141.  W.H. Sammons -Hot Comb 1920

  • 142.  W.S. Grant- Curtain Rod Support 1896

  • 143.  William Barry- Postmarking and Canceling machine

  • 144.  Wm. Harwell -Attachment for shuttle arm; device used to capture satellites

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